|Concerto in A minor, Opus 111, No. 6||Antonio Vivaldi
|Sonata in D Major||Jean-Marie LeClair (1696-1764)|
|1. Un poco andante|
|Romanza Andaluza, Opus 22, No. 1||Pablo de Sarasate (1844-1908)|
|Legende, Opus 17||Henryk Wieniawski (1835 – 1880)
|Beau Soir||Claude Debussy -Jascha Heifetz (1862 – 1918 / 1901 – 1987)|
|Romanze, Opus 40||Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827)
|Nigun||Ernst Bloch (1885 – 1977)
|Hymn to be announced|
to be announced
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (4 March 1678 – 28 July 1741) was an Italian Baroque composer, violin virtuoso, teacher, and Catholic priest. He was born in Venice, a music epicenter at the time, and is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers. He is known mainly for composing a plethora of instrumental concertos, mostly for the violin. A majority of these were written to display the talent of his students from the female music ensemble of a home for abandoned children where Vivaldi was employed from 1703 to 1715 and from 1723 to 1740. The home was no ordinary orphanage, it was exclusively for the illegitimate children of noblemen.
Jean-Marie Leclair (10 May 1697 - 22 October 1764) Leclair was born in Lyon France and was a violinist and composer who is credited with founding the French violin school. He composed more than 70 sonatas for the violin and continuo, which has since been replaced with piano. His works exemplify the “Baroque Era” – a period in history from 1600 – 1750 distinguished by grandiose ornamentation and exaggeration. After the divorce from his second wife, he was found murdered in his home. The case was never solved.
Pablo de Sarasate (10 March 1844 – 20 September 1908) Sarasate is one of history’s most beloved violin prodigies. He was born in the Spanish region of Navarre and matured into a virtuoso not only on the violin, but also in his prolific and technically challenging violin compositions. They are of the Romantic era - a period in which expressions with a personal voice were used in opposition to the rigidity of Classical models. All of Sarasate’s music vividly exudes the taste and flare of Spain.
Henryk Wienaiwski (10 July 1835 – 31 March 1880) Often compared to Paganini, Wienaiwski's also one of the greatest violinist of the Romantic era. As a performer, he dazzled audiences with his astounding technique, expressive phrasing, and rich tone. He was born in Poland while under foreign rule, but became an international star. The scope of his concert tours was unprecedented. According to lore, Wienaiwski composed the Legend in an attempt to win over the parents of a young English lady with whom he had fallen in love and wished to wed.
Claude-Achille Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was an Impressionistic French composer. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionistic music, though he himself disliked the term when applied to his compositions.Debussy's music is noted for its sensory content and frequent usage of nontraditional tonalities.He was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and his use of non-traditional scales and chromaticism influenced many composers who followed.Debussy composed “Beau Soir” (French for "Beautiful Evening") when he was 15 or 16.Jascha-Heifetz – the most famous 20th century violinist - transcribed the song for violin in San Clemente, California in 1933.
Ludwig van Beethoven (Baptized 17th December 1770 – 26 March 1827). Beethoven is the most famous and most influential of all composers. He was crucial in transitioning from the Classical to Romantic eras in Western music. Baptized in Bonn Germany, he later moved to Vienna where he spent the rest of his life as a virtuosic pianist and composer. He was a prolific composer who delved into a variety of genres. Romanze in G Major is one of two Romanzes written for the violin. It was composed in 1802. Nothing is known about the inspiration of the piece, but it stands out as a small gem in Beethoven’s vast repertoire.
Ernst Bloch (24 July 1880 – 15 July 1959). Bloch was a Swiss-born American composer. Nigun is part of a trilogy known as “Baal Shem: Three Pictures of Hassidic Life.” Bloch composed it in 1923, the same year in which he became an U.S. citizen. It consists of Hebraic folk idioms and is an improvisational song of atonement. Through this piece, Bloch attempts to evoke human natures’ soulfulness while reflecting upon the mystical joy of intense prayer.